リソース:化学兵器



●追加[2003.3.26]
Prime Minister of Australia:IRAQ WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION FACT SHEET
 - http://www.pm.gov.au/iraq/factSheet.html; 写真入り
Terrorism: Questions & Answer
 - http://www.terrorismanswers.com/home/; by Council on Foreign Relations






【日本語版コメント】
 今回は、化学兵器の特集。 神経剤(サリン等)、びらん剤(マスタードガス等)、窒息剤(塩素、ホスゲン等)。 1115:生物兵器に対する治療薬およびワクチン[01.10.15]に続く記事だ。  以下に、関連資料の入手先をリストアップする。 総合サイト●化学兵器等中毒対策データベース[日本中毒情報センター]と●米国CDC http://www.bt.cdc.gov/ --- 化学兵器の解説だけでなく、類型別診断治療法など医療機関のための情報も大量に提供している。  一般解説●電網将校参謀本部 特殊兵器資料室や●生物化学兵器の部屋が解りやすい。  雑誌など●雑誌リンクMedWebPlus: Subject: Chemical Warfareは別にBCNの分類にも収録  リンク●Yahoo! Japan:生物兵器、化学兵器  防毒マスク等●毒ガスの防護と応急処置(抜粋)が 化学兵器の歴史、範囲、種類、データなど大量の解説  メーカーは、興研など。  これらは、http://www.fukumi.co.jp/mm/add/chemicalweapon.htm としてまとめてある。 【市場】 【開発中の新薬】 【解説資料】 【疫学資料】 【臨床ガイドライン】 【ニュース・トピックス】 【リソース・オンライン雑誌】 【主要サイト】 see →1115★17/21★01.10.15★087★生物兵器に対する治療薬およびワクチン/3pリソース:生物兵器[106KB]







●化学兵器


■解説

●神経剤 nerve agents

 神経剤には,G剤 (サリン・ソマン・タブンなど:常温で液体だが揮発性高く,ガスとして吸入でも作用。)とV剤 (VX:揮発性低く,液体のまま用いられる。)とがあります。いずれも,無色・無臭で,脂溶性が高く,皮膚からも吸収されます。また,いずれも空気より重く,下を這うようにして広がります。曝露により死に至る場合があります。  ところで,アセチルコリンは神経から放出される物質で,筋肉を刺激して収縮を起こしたり,分泌腺を刺激して分泌を起こしたり,あるいは他の神経を刺激します。アセチルコリンエステラーゼは,アセチルコリンが筋肉を刺激して収縮を起こしたり,分泌腺を刺激して分泌を起こしたり,あるいは他の神経を刺激したりしたとたんに,アセチルコリンを分解してしまいます。神経剤は,アセチルコリンエステラーゼと結合して,アセチルコリンの分解を止めてしまいます。そのため,アセチルコリンが過剰となり,筋肉収縮・分泌腺分泌・神経刺激が持続することになります。

   アセチルコリンエステラーゼの阻害作用→アセチルコリンの蓄積
     →瞳孔収縮(目の前が暗くなる)・鼻水・神経麻痺→呼吸麻痺→死

	from ●生物化学兵器について[横浜市衛生研究所感染症・疫学情報課]
 --- http://www.eiken.city.yokohama.jp/infection_inf/bcw1.htm




●びらん剤 visicants

vesicant(ves′i‐kant).発疱薬,引赤薬(小水疱を生じさせる薬剤).=blister agent; epispastic; vesicatory
皮膚・目・呼吸器に作用し接触面をびらん(やけど)させる。常温で液体。
       液体・蒸気で作用。主なものは,マスタード類とルイサイトなどです。
   マスタード類
	   身体では湿った部位に強力に作用。曝露後数時間で障害出現。
       曝露時に痛まないことから,曝露時に気づかないこともあります。  
       曝露により死に至る場合があります。
       肺水腫・気道粘膜の壊死→二次性細菌性肺炎→死
       マスタード類は骨髄幹細胞の障害を起こします。
   ルイサイト
	   曝露後ただちに目および皮膚の痛み。
       目については,1分以内に大量の水で洗い流さなければ失明の可能性あり。
       皮膚に0.5ml付着でショック様。2ml付着で致死率高い。
       BALが拮抗薬。
	from ●生物化学兵器について[横浜市衛生研究所感染症・疫学情報課]
 --- http://www.eiken.city.yokohama.jp/infection_inf/bcw1.htm


●窒息剤 pulmonary toxicants

吸入により肺水腫を起こし死に至る可能性あり。ホスゲン・塩素など。
   ホスゲン  常温で気体。肺胞で水と反応して塩酸を生成し
       肺水腫を起こす可能性あり。空気より重く,下を這うようにして広がります。
       症状が出るまで24時間以上の潜伏期あることあり。
       干草のにおい,あるいは青いトウモロコシのにおいで無色。
   塩素  常温で気体。粘膜で水と反応して塩酸を生成。粘膜・皮膚を強く刺激。
       40-60ppmで肺水腫。430ppm30分で死亡。1000ppm数分で死亡。
       塩素系の漂白剤・除菌剤として家庭で使用されるものからも
       発生する可能性があります。使用時には,使用上の注意を良く読み,
       風通しを良くするなど注意しましょう
	from ●生物化学兵器について[横浜市衛生研究所感染症・疫学情報課]
 --- http://www.eiken.city.yokohama.jp/infection_inf/bcw1.htm




■化学兵器リソース

●リソース&リンク

Yahoo! Japan:生物兵器、化学兵器 --- http://www.yahoo.co.jp/Government/Military/Weapons_and_Equipment/Chemical_and_Biological/
●関連サイト

生物化学兵器について[横浜市衛生研究所感染症・疫学情報課] --- ●電網将校参謀本部 特殊兵器資料室 --- http://maneuver.s16.xrea.com/weapon/index.html 生物化学兵器の種類と性質一覧表 【生物兵器(B剤)――生物戦(BW)】生物兵器FAQ 【化学兵器(C剤)――化学戦(CW)】化学兵器概説 神経ガス/マスタード剤/シアン化水素/催涙ガス/アルシン/精神異常作用化学兵器/毒素/潜在的CW剤 --- ●生物化学兵器の部屋 --- http://isweb35.infoseek.co.jp/family/protan/bio/indexbio.htm 化学兵器の禁止及び特定物質の規制等に関する法律(平成七年法律第六十五号)(第九百九十条関係)
化学兵器等中毒対策データベース

--- 日本中毒情報センター はじめに 緒言:収載内容について 化学兵器危機管理データベース (1)医療機関における 除染と個人防護装備 (2)鑑別診断/ 応急処置/トリアージ (3)検知紙、簡易分析、 資料の採取と保存 (4)化学兵器類型別治療法 化学兵器データベース ・概要/詳細ファイル 解毒剤データベース ・概要詳細ファイル 一般向けHPへ戻る 賛助会員向けログインへ
雑誌リンクMedWebPlus: Subject: Chemical Warfare

Chemical Warfare : Related Terms: Biological Warfare Nuclear Warfare Focussed Subsets: Databases, Bibliographic Military Medicine Periodicals Web Sites: A- GO Biological and Chemical Terrorism: Health Care Implications : a CME course jointly sponsored by: Professional Education Services Group and the University of Wisconsin Medical School A- GO CBIAC newsletter : a quarterly publication of the Chemical Warfare/Chemical and Biological Defense Information Analysis Center (CBIAC) A- GO Chemical Warfare/Chemical and Biological Defense Information Analysis Center (CBIAC), operated by Battelle Memorial Institute A- GO Chemical Warfare/Chemical and Biological Defense Information Analysis Center CBIAC Bibliographic Database A- GO eMedicine Emergency medicine. Warfare - Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear And Explosives A- GO Health Aspects of Biological and Chemical Weapons : projected second edition of Health Aspects of Biological and Chemical Weapons: report of a WHO Group of Consultants (1970). 2001 (Acrobat .pdf files) A- GO Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on R&D Needs for Improving Civilian Medical Response to Chemical and Biological Terrorism Incidents. Chemical and Biological Terrorism: Research and Development to Improve Civilian Medical Response -- Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1999 A- GO Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Warfare / edited by Frederick R. Sidell, Ernest T. Takafuji, David R. Franz. Falls Church, VA: Office of the Surgeon General. 1997. (Textbook of Military Medicine) (Acrobat .pdf files) A- GO Monterey Institute of International Studies Center for Nonproliferation Studies Chemical and Biological Weapons Resource Page A- GO National Research Council. Committee on Toxicology. Review of Acute Human-Toxicity Estimates for Selected Chemical-Warfare Agents . -- Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1997 A- GO National Research Council. Subcommittee on Chronic Reference Doses for Selected Chemical Warfare Agents. Review of the U.S. Army's Health Risk Assessments for Oral Exposure to Six Chemical-Warfare Agents . -- Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1999 A- GO NATO Handbook on the Medical Aspects of NBC Defensive Operations AMedP-6(B). 1 February 1996 A- GO Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. CWC Declaration Handbook 2000 (Chemical Weapons Convention) A- GO PhRMA Scientific and Regulatory Affairs Biological and Chemical Weapons A- GO Psychological implications of chemical and biological weapons : long term social and psychological effects may be worse than acute ones. Simon Wessely, Kenneth Craig Hyams, Robert Bartholomew. BMJ 2001 Oct 20; 323 (7318): 878-879 A- GO Review of the Scientific Literature as it Pertains to Gulf War Illnesses Volume 5: Chemical and Biological Warfare Agents by William S. Augerson. 2000 (Rand report MR-1018/5-OSD) A- GO United States Army. Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense. Field Management of Chemical Casualties Handbook . -- 2nd ed, July 2000. -- Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: United States Army, Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense Chemical Casualty Care Division, 2000 A- GO United States Army. Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense. Medical Management of Chemical Casualties Handbook . -- 3rd ed, August 1999. -- Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: United States Army. Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense Chemical Casualty Care Division, 1999 A- GO World Health Organization Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response Responding to the deliberate use of biological agents and chemicals as weapons Version 2.3.0 © 1998-2001
MEDLINEplus: Biological and Chemical Weapons

Contents of this page: News General/Overviews Alternative Therapy Coping Pictures/Diagrams Prevention/Screening Research Specific Conditions/Aspects Directories Organizations Children Teenagers Search MEDLINE for recent research articles on ・ Biological and Chemical Weapons You may also be interested in these MEDLINEplus related pages: ・ AnthraxBotulismDisasters and Emergency PreparednessImmunization/VaccinationInfectious Diseases (General)SmallpoxPoisoning, Toxicology, Environmental HealthLatest News Biotech Companies Fighting Threat of 'Superbugs' (01/20/2002, Associated Press) WHO Board: Don't Destroy Smallpox Stocks Yet (01/18/2002, Reuters) Lockheed Creates Mail Biohazard Detection System (01/15/2002, Reuters) HHS Accelerates Bioterrorism Research; New Programs Expedite Ideas from Concerned Scientists (12/07/2001, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) Bioterrorism and CAM (Complementary and Alternative Medicine): What the Public Needs To Know (11/20/2001, National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine) More News on Biological and Chemical WeaponsGeneral/Overviews Anthrax (Patient Education Institute) - requires Flash plug-in Biological Warfare: Questions and Answers (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Biological, Chemical Weapons: Arm Yourself with Information (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Bioterrorism (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response: Biological Diseases, Chemical Agents (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Illnesses From Intentional Release of Biological Agents (National Immunization Program) National Pharmaceutical Stockpile Program Synopsis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) TOXNET Databases (National Library of Medicine) - journal citations and data files on toxicology and related subjects ●Alternative Therapy Bioterrorism and CAM (Complementary and Alternative Medicine): What the Public Needs To Know (National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine) ●Coping Bioterrorism Concerns after September 11: Frequently Asked Questions (Johns Hopkins University, Center for Civilian Biodefense Studies) Coping with Bioterrorism Anxiety: Advice from the American Psychiatric Association (American Psychiatric Association) - links to PDF file Handbook for Coping After Terrorism (Dept. of Justice, Office for Victims of Crime) Mental Health Aspects of Terrorism (Center for Mental Health Services) ●Pictures/Diagrams Image: Inguinal Bubo on Upper Thigh of Person with Bubonic Plague (National Center for Infectious Diseases) Image: Plague Bacteria in Blood (National Center for Infectious Diseases) ●Prevention/Screening Interim Recommendations for the Selection and Use of Protective Clothing and Respirators Against Biological Agents (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Preventing Anthrax After Exposure: Options (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - links to PDF file ●Research Research on Medical Tools to Combat Bioterrorism (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) Study Seeks to Determine Effectiveness of Diluted Smallpox Vaccine (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) ●Specific Conditions/Aspects Agricultural Biosecurity (Dept. of Agriculture) Botulism and Bioterrorism (Draft) (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - links to PDF file Botulism: Frequently Asked Questions (National Center for Infectious Diseases) Brucellosis (Brucella melitensis, abortus, suis, and canis) (National Center for Infectious Diseases) Chemical Emergencies (Federal Emergency Management Agency) - links to PDF file Consensus Statement. Anthrax as a Biological Weapon. Medical and Public Health Management (American Medical Association) Consensus Statement. Botulinum Toxin as a Biological Weapon. Medical and Public Health Management (American Medical Association) Consensus Statement. Plague as a Biological Weapon. Medical and Public Health Management (American Medical Association) Consensus Statement. Smallpox as a Biological Weapon. Medical and Public Health Management (American Medical Association) Consensus Statement. Tularemia as a Biological Weapon. Medical and Public Health Management (American Medical Association) Facts about Pneumonic Plague (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - links to PDF file Facts about: Anthrax, Botulism, Pneumonic Plague, Smallpox (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Frequently Asked Consumer Questions About Food Safety and Terrorism (Food and Drug Administration) Frequently Asked Questions about Blister Agents (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Frequently Asked Questions about Nerve Agents (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Frequently Asked Questions about Pulmonary Agents (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Mustard Gas (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry) Offers to Treat Biological Threats: What You Need to Know (Federal Trade Commission) Plague (National Center for Infectious Diseases) Protecting the Nation's Water Supplies From Terrorist Attack (Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water) Q Fever (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Questions and Answers About Plague (National Center for Infectious Diseases) Smallpox and Bioterrorism (Draft) (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - links to PDF file Terrorism (Federal Emergency Management Agency) Tularemia (Johns Hopkins University, Center for Civilian Biodefense Studies) ●Directories Vaccine Info Database: Vaccine/Disease Information; State Vaccine Requirements for School Entry (National Network for Immunization Information) ●Organizations Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Program (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) EPA Chemical Emergency Preparedness and Prevention Office (Environmental Protection Agency) Johns Hopkins University, Center for Civilian Biodefense Studies U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious DiseasesChildren Anthrax/Bioterrorism Q and A (American Academy of Pediatrics) ●Teenagers Smallpox, Anthrax and Terrorism (Nemours Foundation) Last updated: 20 January 2002




■防護用品

●防毒マスク等

毒ガスの防護と応急処置(抜粋) --- http://www.phalanx.co.jp/publish/poisongas/mokuji.html 化学兵器の歴史、範囲、種類、データなど大量の解説 ●1.防護マスク --- 現在は各種の窒息剤・びらん剤・神経剤・催涙剤・血液剤・くしゃみ剤・枯葉剤が有ると言われていますから防護マスクに工夫も必要です。 --- 日本の陸上自衛隊は85式防護マスク4型を使用(繊維状活性炭積層布使用)し、日本国内ではイスラエルのM15防護マスクや日本ドレ−ゲル(株)他が販売されています。 ●化学兵器対応マスク 日本メーカー 来月市販[01.10.3] --- 防塵・防毒マスク専業メーカーの興研は今日、核兵器や生物兵器、化学兵器に対応するマスクを日本で初めて一般向けに発売すると発表しました。同時多発テロ発生後から合計1000件以上の問い合わせがあったことを受けての措置で、来月はじめから1セット7000円で発売します。興研は防衛庁に対し独占的にマスクを供給していますが、防衛庁向けの製品とは全く違うもので、あくまで緊急避難用だということです。 ●マスク専門ホームページ〜shopping site --- http://www.mask.co.jp/ ; by 大里衛生材料製造所 ガーゼマスク、花粉マスク、防塵マスク、活性炭マスク、ディスポマスク、サージカルマスクなど各社130種。 炭疽菌マスクもある。 ●法令等データベースシステム   第5編 労働基準 第2章 安全衛生 労働安全衛生法 ・労働衛生保護具検定規則の一部を改正する省令の施行並びに防じんマスクの規格及び防毒マスクの規格の適用について(昭和37年7月24日基発第781号)
●関連団体

(社)産業安全技術協会 --- http://www.ankyo.or.jp/ 型式検定品目−防毒マスク 検定合格品−マスク 安全性能試験品目−マスク中央労働災害防止協会 --- http://www.jisha.or.jp/ 労働安全衛生関連【法律、政令、省令(規則)】全文|告示・指針|通達 ほかに行政情報 ○ 厚生労働省発表資料 ○ 法令改正 ●社団法人日本保安用品協会 --- http://www.jsaa.or.jp/ 会員等リンク 2.衛生保護具 ・呼吸用保護具(防毒マスク、防じんマスク、電動ファン付き呼吸用保護具、送気マスク、自給式呼吸器、避難マスク等) ・皮膚保護具 :防護服(例:防毒衣、耐酸衣、防熱衣)保護手袋等 協会には、6工業会・2研究会が維持会員として加盟しています ★日本呼吸用保護具工業会 日本呼吸用保護具工業会は、昭和57年設立され、呼吸用保護具の改良および普及ならびに規格等の作成・制定への協力により呼吸用保護具産業の健全な発展を図り、有害環境(有害物質の存在または酸素欠乏等)から人体を保護し、着用者の健康維持に寄与することを目的としております。 会長:上田昌雄  副会長2名 理事・監事8名 会員数 24社 ★日本防護服研究会 日本防護服研究会は、防護服に関する研究、啓蒙、開発、規格原案の作成を行い、そのレベルアップをはかり、着用者の生命と健康の確保・向上を目的として昭和26年に設立されました。現在はISO/TC94/SC13(防護服)に関わる規格原案の審議を行う5つの作業部会(WG)活動のほか、防護服に関する研究会、講演会、見学会等を行っています。 理事長:河村正一 理事・会計監査:5名 会員数:法人15社 個人8名 特別11名
●主要メーカー

興研 --- http://www.koken-ltd.co.jp/ NBC緊急避難用マスク・身体消毒用強酸性水シャワーシステムの製品化[2001.10.3] NBC緊急避難用マスク - set \7,000 ;発売平成13年11月 防毒マスク  防毒マスクは、厚生労働省による国家検定 フィルターを内蔵した吸収缶 ●(株)重松製作所 --- 防じん・防毒マスク、自給式呼吸器など労働安全衛生保護具・機器 ●ニチウラ千代田屋(株) 作業用防護服(タイベック製等)、化学防護服、防護用機材 ●(株)日本光器製作所 防じんマスク、防毒マスク、保護眼鏡、OAグラス等の製造・販売 ●山本光学(株) 保護めがね、遮光めがね、レーザ光用遮光めがね、呼吸用保護具








●中毒

■中毒関連リソース

●リソース&リンク

●リンク
UMIN:中毒情報
 --- http://www.umin.ac.jp/chudoku/

●主要サイト
UMIN: 中毒データベース検索システム
 --- 
(財)日本中毒情報センター・ホームページ
 --- http://www.j-poison-ic.or.jp/homepage.nsf
	化学兵器等中毒対策データベース
	中毒情報データベース(一般向け):家庭用品・自然毒  
	中毒関連サイトへのリンク

中毒プロトコール[救急治療室ホームページ]
 --- http://www.mnet.ne.jp/~hospital/Protocol/Intoxication.html ; by 宮崎市郡医師会病院

TOXNET
 --- http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/



化学兵器等中毒対策データベース

--- 日本中毒情報センター はじめに 緒言:収載内容について 化学兵器危機管理データベース (1)医療機関における 除染と個人防護装備 (2)鑑別診断/ 応急処置/トリアージ (3)検知紙、簡易分析、 資料の採取と保存 (4)化学兵器類型別治療法 化学兵器データベース ・概要/詳細ファイル 解毒剤データベース ・概要詳細ファイル 一般向けHPへ戻る 賛助会員向けログインへ




■MedlinePlus

MEDLINEplus: Poisoning

Contents of this page: General/Overviews Clinical Trials Prevention/Screening Specific Conditions/Aspects Treatment Organizations Children Teenagers The primary NIH organization for research on Poisoning is the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Search MEDLINE for recent research articles on ・ Poisoning You may also be interested in these MEDLINEplus related pages: ・ Asbestos/AsbestosisCarbon Monoxide PoisoningFood Contamination/PoisoningHousehold PoisonsLead PoisoningPesticidesPoisoning, Toxicology, Environmental HealthGeneral/Overviews Symptoms and First Aid for Poisonings (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) ●Clinical Trials ClinicalTrials.gov: Poisoning (National Institutes of Health) ●Prevention/Screening CPSC Publications: Poison Prevention (Consumer Product Safety Commission) Poisoning Prevention (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Read the Label FIRST! (Environmental Protection Agency) - links to PDF file ●Specific Conditions/Aspects In Case of Pesticide Poisoning (Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Pesticide Programs) ●Treatment Emergency First Aid for Poisonings (University of California, Davis) ●Organizations American Association of Poison Control Centers U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (Consumer Product Safety Commission) ●Children Mushroom Poisoning in Children (American Academy of Family Physicians) Poisoning Fact Sheet: Parents/Childcare Providers (American Association of Poison Control Centers) - links to PDF file Preventing Childhood Poisoning (Food and Drug Administration) Preventing Childhood Poisoning (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Protect Your Child from Poisons in Your Home (Food and Drug Administration) - Easy-to-Read ●Teenagers Poisoning Fact Sheet: Teens/Babysitters (American Association of Poison Control Centers) - links to PDF file Last updated: 14 January 2002
MEDLINEplus: Disasters and Emergency Preparedness[災害・救急]

Contents of this page: News General/Overviews Coping Prevention/Screening Specific Conditions/Aspects Directories Law and Policy Organizations Children Seniors Teenagers Search MEDLINE for recent research articles on Disasters and Emergency Preparedness: ・ Disaster planningNatural disastersRelief work You may also be interested in these MEDLINEplus related pages: ・ Biological and Chemical WeaponsFirst Aid/EmergenciesHeat IllnessHypothermiaPost-Traumatic Stress DisorderSafetyLatest News Health Officials Mull Bioterrorism (01/14/2002, Associated Press) Eye, Lung Injuries Most Common Among WTC Survivors (01/11/2002, Reuters) Rapid Assessment of Physical Injuries Related to the Attack on the World Trade Center - New York City, September 11, 2001 (01/11/2002, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control) ●General/Overviews Disaster Services (American Red Cross) Family Readiness Kit : Preparing to Handle Disasters (American Academy of Pediatrics) Your Family Disaster Plan: 4 Steps to Safety (Federal Emergency Management Agency) ●Coping 9/11: the Psychological Aftermath (Scientific American, Inc.) Common Reactions to Trauma (National Center for PTSD) Funerals and Memorials: A Part of Recovery (American Psychiatric Association) Handbook for Coping After Terrorism (Dept. of Justice, Office for Victims of Crime) Helping Children and Adolescents Cope with Violence and Disasters (National Institute of Mental Health) Mental Health Aspects of Terrorism (Center for Mental Health Services) Self Care and Self-Help Following Disasters (National Center for PTSD) Survivors of Disasters (National Center for PTSD) ●Prevention/Screening Your Family Disaster Supplies Kit (Federal Emergency Management Agency) ●Specific Conditions/Aspects Animal Safety (American Red Cross) Are You Ready For a Flood or a Flash Flood? (American Red Cross) - links to PDF file Are You Ready for a Fire? (American Red Cross) - links to PDF file Chemical Emergencies (Federal Emergency Management Agency) - links to PDF file Disaster Preparedness for People With Disabilities (American Red Cross) Earthquake (National Center for Environmental Health) Flood (National Center for Environmental Health) Food and Water in an Emergency (Federal Emergency Management Agency) Grief and Emotional Response Advice (Dept. of Health and Human Services) How Do People Respond During Traumatic Exposure? (American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress) - links to PDF file How to Help After the Terrorist Attacks (Nemours Foundation) Hurricane (National Center for Environmental Health) Landslides and Mudflows (Federal Emergency Management Agency) Locating Safe Drinking Water [After a Disaster] (Federal Emergency Management Agency) Returning Home After a Disaster (Federal Emergency Management Agency) Rolling Blackouts: Safety Information for Short-Term Power Outages or "Rolling Blackouts" (American Red Cross) Self-Care Tips for Emergency and Disaster Response Workers (Center for Mental Health Services) Staying Warm in an Unheated House: Coping With A Power Outage In Winter (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) Survivors of Natural Disasters (National Center for PTSD) Terrorism (Federal Emergency Management Agency) Terrorism: Preparing for the Unexpected (American Red Cross) Thunderstorms and Lightening (Federal Emergency Management Agency) Tornado Safety Tips Brochure (Federal Emergency Management Agency) Tornado: A Guide for Your Personal Health and Safety (National Center for Environmental Health) Tsunami Facts (Federal Emergency Management Agency) Volcanoes (Federal Emergency Management Agency) Wildfire: Are You Prepared? (American Red Cross) - links to PDF file Winter Preparedness Safety Tips (Federal Emergency Management Agency) ●Directories Disaster Finder (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) - State offices of emergency services ●Law and Policy Disaster Assistance (Federal Emergency Management Agency) Medical Response in Emergencies: HHS Role (Dept. of Health and Human Services) ●Organizations American Red Cross Federal Emergency Management AgencyChildren Communicating With Children About Disasters (American Academy of Pediatrics) Coping With Disaster: Suggestions for Helping Children With Cognitive Disabilities (Administration for Children and Families) Dealing with the Terrorist Attacks (Nemours Foundation) FEMA For Kids (Federal Emergency Management Agency) Helping Children Cope After a Terrorist Attack (American Psychiatric Association) Helping Children Cope With a National Tragedy (American Psychiatric Association) Helping Children Cope with Disaster (Federal Emergency Management Agency) Helping Your Child Deal with the Terrorist Tragedy (Nemours Foundation) Parent Guidelines for Crisis Response (American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress) - links to PDF file Talking to Children about War and Terrorism: 20 Tips for Parents (American Psychiatric Association) Terrorism and Children (National Center for PTSD) ●Seniors Tips For Talking About Disasters: Older Adults (Center for Mental Health Services) ●Teenagers Coping With Disaster: Tips for College Students (National Mental Health Association) Dealing with the Terrorist Attacks (Nemours Foundation) Last updated: 14 January 2002
MEDLINEplus: First Aid/Emergencies

Contents of this page: News General/Overviews Clinical Trials Prevention/Screening Research Specific Conditions/Aspects Treatment Directories Law and Policy Organizations Children Search MEDLINE for recent research articles on First Aid/Emergencies: ・ GeneralShock You may also be interested in these MEDLINEplus related pages: ・ ChokingHeat IllnessHypothermiaInjuries and WoundsSafetyLatest News Drug Reactions Often Behind ER Visits in Elderly (12/24/2001, Reuters) ●General/Overviews Basic First Aid (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) Meet the Lifesavers: An Introduction to Emergency Medical Services (American College of Emergency Physicians) What to Do in an Emergency (American College of Emergency Physicians) ●Clinical Trials ClinicalTrials.gov: Shock (National Institutes of Health) ●Prevention/Screening Your Family Disaster Supplies Kit (Federal Emergency Management Agency) ●Research Study Launched to Test Public Access Defibrillation (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute) ●Specific Conditions/Aspects Anaphylaxis (The Most Serious Allergic Reaction) (MedicineNet, Inc.) Bumps & Bruises (MedicineNet, Inc.) Chemical Emergencies (American Red Cross) Cuts, Scrapes & Puncture Wounds (MedicineNet, Inc.) Dental Injuries (MedicineNet, Inc.) Farm Emergency and First Aid Kits (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) First Aid For Electrical Accidents (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) First Aid for Eyes (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) Nosebleeds (MedicineNet, Inc.) ●Treatment CPR (Nemours Foundation) Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) Chain of Survival and Cardiac Arrest (American Heart Association) Cough CPR (American Heart Association) Cuts, Scrapes and Stitches: Caring for Wounds (American Academy of Family Physicians) Emergency Department: What to Expect (American College of Emergency Physicians) Emergency Treatment of Burns (Shriners Hospitals for Children) Foot and Ankle Injuries: Immediate Treatment (American Podiatric Medical Association) Pulse Check No Longer Recommended for Layperson CPR (American Heart Association) ●Directories National Safety Council Training Agency Directory (National Safety Council) ●Law and Policy Medical Response in Emergencies: HHS Role (Dept. of Health and Human Services) ●Organizations American College of Emergency Physicians American Red Cross Emergency Medical Services for Children (Dept. of Health and Human Services) National Institute for Occupational Safety and HealthChildren CPR for Children Over Age 1 (American Academy of Pediatrics) CPR for Children Under Age 1 (American Academy of Pediatrics) Emergency Care of Children (American College of Emergency Physicians) Emergency Medical Services (American Academy of Pediatrics) Issues in Child Care Settings: First Aid Measures (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) What You Need to Know in an Emergency (Nemours Foundation) When Your Child Has an Emergency (American College of Emergency Physicians) Last updated: 02 January 2002
MEDLINEplus: Poisoning, Toxicology, Environmental Health Topics

Air Pollution Anthrax Arsenic Asbestos/Asbestosis Biological and Chemical Weapons Bioterrorism see Biological and Chemical Weapons Campylobacter see Food Contamination/Poisoning Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Cell Phones see Electromagnetic Fields Chemical Weapons see Biological and Chemical Weapons Cleaning Products see Household Poisons Drinking Water Electromagnetic Fields EMF see Electromagnetic Fields Environmental Health Environmental Tobacco Smoke see Secondhand Smoke Food Contamination/Poisoning Food Safety Fungicides see Pesticides Germ Warfare see Biological and Chemical Weapons Hazardous Waste see Environmental Health Herbicides see Pesticides Household Poisons Indoor Air Pollution Insecticides see Pesticides Lead Poisoning Mercury Molds Noise Norwalk Virus Infections see Food Contamination/Poisoning Ozone Passive Smoking see Secondhand Smoke Pesticides Plague see Biological and Chemical Weapons Poisoning Poisons in the Home see Household Poisons Radiation Exposure Radon Rodenticides see Pesticides Secondhand Smoke Smallpox Smoking, Passive see Secondhand Smoke Tularemia see Biological and Chemical Weapons Water see Drinking Water Yersinia see Food Contamination/Poisoning Last updated: 18 January 2002




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Welcome to TOXNET - A cluster of databases on toxicology, hazardous chemicals, and related areas. TOXNET NEWS. New: TRI99 now available!

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Hazardous Substances Data Bank - Broad scope in human and animal toxicity, safety and handling, environmental fate, and more. Scientifically peer-reviewed.
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Toxics Release Inventory - reporting years 1995 - 1999.
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Numerous chemical synonyms, structures, regulatory list information, and links to other databases containing information about the chemicals.
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iNETGuide-環境問題 --- http://news.inetg.com/environment/environment.html ;リンク集 ●化学物質の安全対策に関する情報[国立医薬品食品衛生研究所化学物質情報部] --- http://www.nihs.go.jp/mhlw/ocs/index.html ●EICネット_環境情報案内・交流サイト --- http://www.eic.or.jp/ ; EICネットは国立環境研究所の環境情報案内・交流サイト ニュース、リンク、用語、イベントなど。 カテゴリーで資料参照できる。 ●翻訳のためのインターネットリソース --- http://www.kotoba.ne.jp/ 医学 環境・気象
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■MedwebPlus雑誌リンク

MedWebPlus: Subject: Environmental Pollution

Environmental Pollution : Broader Terms: Public Health Related Terms: Environment Environmental Health Environmental Illness Narrower Terms: Air Pollution Environmental Exposure Medical Waste Noise Focussed Subsets: Air Pollution Databases Environmental Exposure Medical Waste Web Sites: A- GO Aerobiological Engineering provided courtesy of the Pennsylvania State University Graduate School of Architectural Engineering and the Department of Biology A- GO American Lung Association. Indoor Pollution in the Office A- GO CBIAC newsletter : a quarterly publication of the Chemical Warfare/Chemical and Biological Defense Information Analysis Center (CBIAC) A- GO Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Environmental Health. National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals . 2001 A- GO Creating a Healthy Environment : the Impact of the Built Environment on Public Health / by Richard A. Jackson, Chris Kochtitzky (Spraw Watch Clearninghouse monograph series) (Acrobat .pdf file) A- GO Ecdin Databank (Environmental Chemicals Data and Information Network) A- GO Environmental toxicology and water quality (formerly: Toxicity assessment) (tables of contents and abstracts) A- GO Health-care waste management : operated by the World Health Organization for the Health-Care Waste Working Group A- GO Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on the Assessment of Asthma and Indoor Air Clearing the Air: Asthma and Indoor Air Exposures . -- Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2000 A- GO International Clearing House for Major Chemical Incidents : Public Health Information on Chemical Incidents WorldWide (University of Wales Institute WHO Collaborating Centre) A- GO National Environmental Respiratory Center (NERC) A- GO Toxicology and ecotoxicology news (tables of contents and abstracts) A- GO U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine. Hazardous and Medical Waste Program A- GO U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Building Air Quality : a Guide for Building Owners and Facility Managers A- GO U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Indoor Air Pollution: an Introduction for Health Professionals co-sponsored by: American Lung Association, Environmental Protection Agency, Consumer Product Safety Commission, American Medical Association (U.S. Government Printing Office publication ; no. 1994-523-217/81322) 1994 A- GO U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Indoor Air Quality Information Clearinghouse (IAQ INFO) A- GO U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Sick Building Syndrome (SBS) (Indoor Air Facts No. 4 (revised)) A- GO U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) A- GO U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Children's Health Protection. Asthma and Upper Respiratory Illnesses A- GO U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Solid Waste. Medical Waste A- GO U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Water Monitoring Water Quality A- GO U.S. President's Task Force on Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks to Children. Asthma and the Environment : a strategy to protect children. January 28, 1999; revised May 2000 (Acrobat .pdf file) A- GO University of Pennsylvania Health System Environmental Biomedical Stress Data Center A- GO watermark : the world-wide website for drinking water supply surveillance and monitoring in developing and transitional countries A- GO World Health Organization. Air quality guidelines . 1999 Version 2.3.0 © 1998-2001
MedWebPlus: Subject: Environmental Pollution: Environmental Exposure

Environmental Pollution : Environmental Exposure : Related Terms: Noise Focussed Subsets: 1 to 25 of 26 Abbreviations Databases Immunology Nomenclature Persian Gulf Syndrome Bibliography Diseases and Conditions Lists of Internet Resources Nuclear Warfare Public Health Chronic Disease Environmental Health Medical Oncology Nutrition Radiation Companies Foundations Neoplasms Occupational Health Risk Assessment Consumer health Government Agencies News [Publication Type] Organizations Standards Jump to: [Abbre->Stand] [Toxicology->Toxicology] Web Sites: A- GO CBIAC newsletter : a quarterly publication of the Chemical Warfare/Chemical and Biological Defense Information Analysis Center (CBIAC) A- GO Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Environmental Health. National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals . 2001 A- GO Institute of Medicine (U.S.). Committee on the Assessment of Asthma and Indoor Air Clearing the Air: Asthma and Indoor Air Exposures . -- Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2000 A- GO U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) Version 2.3.0 © 1998-2001





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On Drugs and Therapeutics

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